Appendix E

High-Yield Instructional Strategies

In Classroom Instruction that Works: Research-based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement, Robert Marzano (2001) and his colleagues identify nine high-yield instructional strategies through a meta-analytic study of over 100 independent studies. Marzano and his colleagues found that these nine strategies have the greatest positive effect on student achievement for all students, in all subject areas, at all grade levels, especially when strategically matched to the specific type of knowledge being sought. Therefore, these strategies should be incorporated into lessons in the Unit Plan Framework. Marzano's nine high-yield instructional strategies are summarized in the table that follows.