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Special Education Programs

Special Education Programs & Services

Albemarle County Public Schools is committed to providing all children with opportunities to benefit from a public education. Special education programs and services are available to county residents who have children with special educational needs. These programs and services are provided for children with disabilities whose second birthday falls on or before September 30 through the age of 21 years. Each student receives special education services designed to meet his or her individual needs. These programs are discussed and planned by school personnel and the parents and student involved. Often instruction is carried out both in regular and special education classrooms.

Each special education student’s progress is reviewed at least yearly and his / her need for special services is reassessed at a minimum of every three years. Special education programs and services are provided by trained personnel in the following areas of disability as defined by federal and state law: Autism, deaf-blindness, developmental delay, emotional disability, hearing impairment (including deafness), intellectual disability, multiple disabilities, orthopedic impairment, other health impairment, specific learning disability, speech or language impairment, traumatic brain injury, or visual impairment (including blindness).

Contact: Kevin Kirst, Director of Special Education and Student Services 434-296-5885

More about Diplomas & Course Delivery Models »

Special Education Diplomas

The Special Education Program is provided for students who have been identified with a disability and found eligible for special education services. Assistance is provided using various delivery models of instruction. In addition to the Advanced and Standard Diploma, students with disabilities who receive special education services have available to them additional diploma options. 

Modified Standard Diploma 1
The Modified Standard Diploma program is intended for certain students at the secondary level who have a disability and are unlikely to meet the credit requirements for a Standard Diploma. For details about Modified Standard Diploma, see the Graduation Requirements section of this book.
1. Students who entered 9th grade for the first time prior to 2013-14
Special IEP Diploma 
A special diploma (called IEP or Individualized Education Program Diploma) is awarded to identified students with disabilities who require special education services and have completed the requirements of the Individualized Educational Program.

Special Education Course Delivery Models

Consultation/Monitor

The Special Education Department offers support to students in mainstream classes through consultation with regular education teachers, monitoring of the student’s performance, and direct assistance on an as-needed basis.

Study Skills

Direct assistance is available for a variety of student needs including the following: test-taking, homework and make-up work, project/research paper development, and organization and study skills. This class is designed for students in creditbearing classes.

Collaborative Classes — Credit

Regular and special education teachers work together to teach core subjects.

Departmentalized Model/Self-Contained Core Classes — Credit

These classes are taught at the standard level by special education teachers. They are intended for students with significant levels of need such that they would not be successful in collaborative classes. In order for students to be enrolled in these departmentalized classes, need and placement must be documented through the IEP process. Small group and/or individualized instruction is provided in a setting where several content areas are being taught simultaneously. Students in these classes take the designated SOL tests, if appropriate.

Departmentalized Model/Self-Contained Elective Classes — Credit

These classes are taught by special education teachers. They are intended for students with significant levels of need such that they would not be successful in collaborative classes. In order for students to be enrolled in these departmentalized classes, need and placement must be documented through the IEP process. Small group and/or individualized instruction is provided in a setting where several content areas are being taught simultaneously.​

Special Education Classes

  
Algebra I, Part I

​Part I is the first year course for Algebra I. This is an individualized and comprehensive course that covers the concepts and skills necessary to be successfully complete both parts of Algebra I. If a student with disabilities is eligible for credit accommodations, successful completion of this course will result in the student being awarded one (1) math credit.​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3131C
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Algebra I, Part II

​Part II is the second year course for Algebra I. This is an individualized and comprehensive course that covers the concepts and skills necessary to be successfully complete both parts of Algebra I. If a student with disabilities is eligible for credit accommodations, successful completion of this course will result in the student being awarded one (1) math credit, the second Math credit in this sequence.​

Prerequisite(s): Algebra I, Part I
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3132C
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Basic Computer Skills

​Students will learn basic keyboarding and introductory typing skills as well as proper typing technique, basic typing position, posture, and practice key stroking, spacing, return, and other typing skills. Students will also learn basic computer and printer set up and how to use computer programs such as word processing, PowerPoint, and spreadsheets in order to gain skills needed to secure employment as members of a global community and economy.​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7874
Grades:
Offered at: AHS, MoHS
Introduction to Culinary Arts
CATEC

​This class is designed to introduce students to career options in the food service industry as well as to provide instruction in culinary techniques. This entry-level course provides an overview of the culinary industry and career options through work-study placement. Class time is used for teaching new concepts, reinforcing important skills, and assisting Culinary Arts II students with catering activities. Students who are successful in this class may have the option to take Culinary Arts I the following year.

Note: Students must provide their own transportation to and from their work study site, if applicable.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 3
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8250
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Offered at: CATEC (available to all students)
Math Skills

​This class is designed for students with special needs working towards a Modified Standard Diploma. The course addresses the objectives found in the numeric assessment including early algebra skills, basic geometry, statistics, probability, and more.

Note: This course does not count for the required math credit.​

Prerequisite(s): Math 8
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7859
Grades: 9, 10
Offered at: AHS, MoHS
Personal Living and Finance

​This course gives instruction in the skills needed to manage personal finances and make sound financial decisions. This course serves as a math credit for the Modified Standard Diploma.​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7819
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Reading Skills

​This course is offered for students whose reading ability is significantly below grade level. It is designed to develop fundamental reading skills. This course is taken along with and not in place of English. Students should be placed in this class according to their individualized weaknesses as documented through the IEP process.​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7803
Grades:
Offered at: MoHS
Study/Organizational Skills

​Students are supported in reading, writing, spelling, grammar, language, and vocabulary. They will investigate effective methods of studying in order to improve their academic performance. A percentage of class time is devoted to applying these skills to core subjects.​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit
Levels:
9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7847
10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7846
11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7850
12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7853
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS

Special (IEP) Diploma / Self-Contained Functional Classes

These classes are designed to assist students in improving and maintaining a foundation of basic skills and knowledge applicable to practical life experiences. In addition, a heavy emphasis is placed on providing students with vocational training and employment skills. All or some of the following courses are taken to fulfill the requirements of the IEP diploma. Only special education students may earn elective credit for these courses.

  
Community Based Instruction Program (CBIP)

​This program is designed for students with significant disabilities in need of intensive life-skills instruction provided in a selfcontained setting. The focus is on functional academics, life skills, leisure skills, vocational skills, and social skills both at home and in the community. Instruction within this program may be supplemented with choices made from other areas of the program of studies. These choices should be related to the student interests and as deemed appropriate through the IEP process. Students successfully completing this program receive a Special (IEP) diploma. Enrollment in the Post-High Program is a possible extension of the CBIP program.​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: Non-Credit
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1046
Grades:
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Community Life Skills

​Students are taken into the community to practice essential life skills that will be needed after high school. This model permits individuals to practice academic skills in a variety of community settings. Students are exposed to community services available after high school and are trained to use alternative methods of transportation.​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7814
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Education For Employment I

Students explore reasons for working, and examine their vocational interests and the role that attitudes and behaviors play in success or failure on the job. Students become familiar with the types of jobs available and the skills needed to perform them. (CTE Code: 9085)

​​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7876
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS
Education for Employment II

This course is a continuation of “Education For Employment I.” It is designed to support students in jobs in the community. Increased emphasis is placed on the skills needed to maintain successful job performance and to improve vocational opportunities.​ (CTE Code: 9087)

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7877​
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS
Functional English

This course emphasizes language arts skills in reading, writing, and listening related to practical life and vocational experiences.​​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7840
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Functional Math

​This course focuses on the basic operations of math in a consumer and life-skills setting. Review and remediation are provided in basic skills and money management is stressed.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7841
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Functional Science

​This class explores basic science topics in the areas of earth science, biology, and physics as they relate to the students.​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7861
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS
Functional Science II

​This class explores basic topics in science as related to students. Areas of focus are biology and ecology.​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7863
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: MoHS
Functional Social Studies

​This class focuses on local and national issues to prepare students to be positive and productive members of their communities. History, geography, and government are considered in combination.​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7837
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS
Health / Recreation

This course focuses on health related issues such as mental health, first aid, tobacco, alcohol, and drugs, diseases, family life, exercise, and leisure.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7844
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS
Legal Issues

This course provides students with the practical legal background one needs to function as an adult. It enables the young adult to foresee and avoid legal problems and to obtain professional help when needed.

​​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7842
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: MoHS
Serve Safe

Students in this course will learn the basic requirements needed to work in a restaurant. At the end of the course, students who pass the “Serve Safe: Essentials Examination” will have an industry accredited endorsement that can help them obtain entry level employment in the food services industry.​​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7893
Grades: 9, 10
Offered at: AHS
Work Study

This program provides vocational training and transitional assistance. Vocational counseling, help with job training/ placement, and job monitoring and followup are provided for students identified as appropriate through the IEP process.​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1 Elective Credit (Pass/Fail)
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7878
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Writing Skills

This course is offered for students whose writing skills are significantly below grade level. It is designed to develop fundamental writing skills. This course will focus on improving different types of writing and the writing process itself. This course is taken along with and not in place of English. Students should be placed in this course according to their individual growth areas as documented through their IEP process.​​

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
Levels:
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7801
Grades:
Offered at: MoHS
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