English 9 is a comparative study of genres and world literature in the ancient and classical worlds. Through five interdisciplinary concepts (systems, change and continuity, communication, aesthetics, and universality) and the correlating language arts concepts, students explore eastern and western literature and seek to answer critical questions about the language arts: Why do literary eras matter? How do cultural changes affect style of literature and art? What determines whether a belief (system) will be timeless or trendy? Ninth-grade students read extensively in a variety of genres and practice comparative analysis skills. Continued emphasis is placed on the components of writing, such as organizational structures and written expression.
English 10 is a comparative study of genres and world literature from medieval to modern times. Through five interdisciplinary concepts (systems, change and continuity, communication, aesthetics, and universality) and the correlating language arts concepts, students explore eastern and western literature and seek to answer critical questions about the language arts: Why do literary eras matter? How do cultural changes affect style of literature and art? What determines whether a belief (system) will be timeless or trendy? As such, tenth-grade students read extensively in a variety of genres and practice comparative analysis skills. Students write and speak for a variety of audiences and purposes, applying and refining written and oral communication using a range of literary and persuasive techniques.
Note: The Standards of Learning Test is only required
at MoHS for English 10.
This is a foundation course for students to explore the roles of business and marketing in the free enterprise system and the global economy. Students receive instruction in developing communication and interpersonal skills, making consumer choices, and developing employability skills. (CTE Code: 6135)
English 12 is a study of the evolution of the English language through British and world literature. Students continue to hone their analytical skills and seek to answer critical questions about language and literature: What factors affect the evolution of language? What allows a piece of literature to endure the vagaries of culture and time? What does it mean to think through language and literature? Students demonstrate understanding of language and literature through polished compositions, literary analysis, and speaking. Additional emphasis is placed on the development of a personal, sophisticated style of communication that reflects creative, critical thinking.
Advanced Placement English is for twelfth-grade students who want an intensive, college-level English course that prepares them to take one or both of the AP English Exams. The course is conducted much like a college seminar, and therefore it requires high-quality work in and out of class. Students read works of literature analytically and critically, and they respond with increasing sensitivity and discrimination of language. Essays focus on literary analysis but students have some opportunity to practice creative writing.
This is an integrated course designed to help students develop a comprehensive view of American literature, history, and culture. This highly rigorous course prepares students to take AP exams. Students concentrate on reading and analyzing historical material, weighing historical evidence and interpretation, and synthesizing and evaluating information in analytical writing. Students study American literary eras, reading from a variety of disciplines and contexts. They compose for a variety of purposes and audiences. Reading and writing experiences help students understand the concepts of communication, individual development and identity, aesthetics, and universality.
Students who do well on the AP exam may receive college credit or superior placement at participating colleges.
Note: Students may elect to take the Standards of Learning End-of-Course tests for Virginia and United States History and English 11. A score of 2 or better on the AP exam earns a verified credit.
English 11 is an integrated course designed to help students develop a comprehensive view of American literature, history, and culture. In gathering together the many threads of American culture, students leave this course with a better understanding of who they are and what it means to be an American. Through a variety of learning experiences, students discover relevant connections among movements in American art, literature, music, economics, and politics. This course integrates standards from English 11 and Virginia and United States History, thus preparing students for End-of-Course tests in each subject.
Students learn how to navigate the financial decisions they must face and to make informed decisions. Development of financial literacy skills and an understanding of economic principles will provide the basis for responsible citizenship and career success. Students will also explore entrepreneurship as they learn the skills needed to plan, organize, manage, and finance a small business. (CTE Code: 6123)
Note: This course is a graduation requirement for students entering the 9th grade in 2011 and beyond.
This course offers instruction in management and management functions including planning, organizing, directing, and controlling. Students will apply management principles to realistic situations managers encounter as they attempt to achieve organizational objectives. (CTE Code: 6135)
Students who have a career objective in business can enroll in a cooperative education course. Credit is given to students who are in a paid, supervised parttime work experience. A coordinator along with the employer provide the student with an individualized training plan. The student must be employed for the duration of the course and must abide by the Cooperative Training Agreement. (CTE Code: 9071)
This course focuses on management practices and issues and may use case studies and/or management decision models to analyze and develop solutions to management problems. (CTE Code: 6115)
This course is a two-year sequence designed to develop students’ skills in Graphic, Print, and Web Design. Students will develop proficiency in using desktop publishing software. Students will create advanced Web sites (individually and in teams) using both HTML code and web authoring software. In addition, students learn software to populate their web pages with eye-catching graphics and animations. Students will also explore, “cyberethics.” Students will be required to present many of their projects to strengthen communication skills, which will enhance their employment or further education. (CTE Code: I - 6630 II - 6631)
Industry Certification/Credentialing Exam may be required at the end of this course.
Offered at MoHS and AHS This course prepares students to earn Microsoft Office Specialist (MOS) certifications in Word, PowerPoint, and Outlook. Students will apply real-world problem solving strategies while creating documents, developing multimedia presentations, and exploring advanced communication methods. (CTE Code: 6612)
Offered at MoHS and AHS This course prepares students to earn their Microsoft Office Specialist Master (MOS Master) certification. This industry recognized certification validates overall proficiency and deep expertise of Microsoft Office programs and requires four exams: Word Expert, Excel Expert, PowerPoint, and either Outlook or Access. Students will develop expertise in a hands-on learning environment guided by official Microsoft IT curriculum. (CTE Code: 6613)
Web Design stresses a working knowledge of web site design, construction, and management using HTML or XHTML and includes headings, lists, links, images, image maps, tables, and forms. (CTE Code: 6630)
This college-level course develops the students’ ability to write and read effectively for study, work, and pleasure. Students read prose, fiction, drama, and poetry. They also compose essays, letters, abstracts, annotations, and other nonfiction prose. Emphasis is placed on short narrative works. Students work extensively in each area of the writing process and learn to employ writing conventions while developing individual voice and style. Students write extensively, with emphasis on response to literature and writing for a variety of audiences and purposes. Through these writing experiences, students synthesize information, develop individual voice and style, and better understand literary technique.
Students in this course apply the knowledge they gained in Peer Tutoring I to take on an enhanced leadership role in the peer tutoring center. They will contribute to managing center operations, mentoring new tutors, and heightening school-wide academic achievement. They will make at least one significant contribution to the wider peer tutoring community; for example, by presenting at a conference or publishing a scholarly article.
This is a highly-structured, research-based intervention that offers an accelerated, sequential approach to literacy while addressing the components of a balanced literacy diet.
Students enrolled in this course are responsible for operating the school's peer tutoring center. They will learn a variety of pedagogical approaches and practice leadership skills that will serve them in their future professions. In addition to tutoring, students will strengthen their own knowledge in areas such as study habits, resume writing, and research skills. All students are required to tutor for approximately 45 minutes outside of class, once per week.
This course provides an overview of the fundamentals of computer information systems design and implementation with a focus on the role of computers in today’s business, and includes an introduction to computer ethics and security. Students will have an opportunity to work hands-on with spreadsheets, databases, and web design applications. (CTE Code: 6612)
This course covers object-oriented programming methodology with an emphasis on problem solving and algorithm development and is meant to be the equivalent of a first-semester course in computer science. It also includes the study of data structures and abstraction. (CTE Code: N/A - Math)
CORE+ is a full year, full-credit skills based class designed to help support student achievement in the core areas. Small class size allows individual attention to student needs in the areas of reading, vocabulary, spelling, writing skills, foundational math skills, and research skills. The course includes career, college and training exploration and some real-world experiences in those areas, as appropriate for the students in the class. These experiences may include college visits, completion of job applications, practice with interviewing, and strengthening of self-advocacy skills. CORE+ may be taken in consecutive years.
Students enrolled in this course develop a foundational understanding of sound and how to capture it in a digital form. Students will learn the fundamentals of audio recording and editing, including hardware identification, terminology, and standard recording techniques. Working independently and in mixed-skill groups, they will produce original work in digital formats such as music, broadcast journalism, and creative prose. Students in this class are not required to have any prior experience with music or audio production. (CTE Code: 8120)
Students enrolled in this course will continue adding to their arsenal of recording techniques, while also refining the skills they learned in Audio Production I to create more sophisticated audio compositions. Students will develop a portfolio of finished work, which they’ll have the opportunity to publish. They will be exposed to a variety of audio art forms and encouraged to specialize in an area that incites their passion. (CTE Code: 8130)
Working in conjunction with the Music Resource Center, this course is a survey of multiple aspects of the music industry and music technology. Students will be exposed to and have the opportunity to learn critical thinking skills as it pertains to consuming and creating music. In addition, students will get foundational vocational training in a number of music industry fields including but not limited to Digital Music Production, Audio Engineering, Audio Mixing Technology, Songwriting and Composition, Music Journalism and Live Sound Engineering.
Technical Drawing is an introductory course to familiarize students with various drafting practices, resource materials, use of the drawing board, and the Computer- Aided-Drafting (CAD) system. The course covers the important aspects of the application of drafting principles of typical engineering drawings and design problems. (CTE Code: 8435)
Students learn about the principles of architecture and increase understanding of drafting practices, working drawings, and construction techniques. Students use Computer-Aided Drafting (CAD) programs and established standards or codes to prepare plans for presentation. This course is recommended for all students, especially those interested in pursuing a career or major in architecture, interior design, or homebuilding. Completion of this course may prepare the student for industry certification. (CTE Code: 8437)
This course provides students the opportunity to learn the skills and concepts required for further engineering education and/or employment in the engineering field through the use of Computer-Aided Drafting (CAD) programs. This course is dual enrolled with PVCC as DR 140 Technical Drawing. DR 140 enhances the principles learned that are related directly to the field of drafting and design; gives a more in-depth exposure to detail and working drawings, dimensioning, tolerancing, and conventional drafting practices; teaches CAD modeling; and may include parametric modeling. Students will earn 3 college credits that will transfer to the two year Associate’s Degree at PVCC. These credits will not transfer to the four-year college/university. (CTE Code: 8436)
Industry Certification/Credentialing Exam is required at the end of this course.
Students learn more about the principles of architecture and increase understanding of drafting practices, working drawings, and construction techniques. Students use Computer-Aided Drafting (CAD) programs and established standards or codes to prepare plans for presentation. This course is dual enrolled with PVCC as ARC 121 Architectural Drafting I. ARC 121 introduces techniques of architectural drafting including lettering, dimensioning, and symbols.
This course requires production plans, sections, and elevations of a simple building. Students study common reference material and the organization of architectural working drawings. This course requires development of a limited set of working drawings, a site plan, related details, and pictorial drawings.
Students will earn 3 college credits that will transfer to the two year Associate’s Degree at PVCC. These credits will not transfer to the four year college/university. (CTE Code: 8437)
Industry Certification/Credentialing Exam is required at the end of this course.
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