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History and Social Sciences

History and Social Sciences​

The study of history and social science is vital in promoting a civic-minded, democratic society. The National Council for Social Studies proposes that social studies courses support college, career, and civic life readiness by focusing on planning inquiry, evaluating sources, using evidence in decision making, communicating conclusions, and taking informed actions.

Courses in History and Social Science are designed to:

  • develop the knowledge and skills of history, geography, civics, and economics that enable students to place the people, ideas, and events that have shaped our state, nation, and world in perspective;
  • support students in developing an understanding of diverse cultures, and of a shared humanity.
  • prepare students for informed, responsible, and participatory citizenship;
  • enhance students’ ability to seek and recognize patterns and complex relationships such as change and continuity, conflict and cooperation, choice and consequence, and systems.
  • develop students’ skills in inquiry, debate, discussion, writing, and critical reading.

Social Studies offerings in high school provide students with several means to explore new disciplines and expand on their work K-8 through both required courses and electives. Social science courses introduce complex content and support the development of critical thinking skills that are essential for student success in and beyond school as students grow as lifelong learners.

  
Economics and Personal Finance

Students learn how to navigate the financial decisions they must face and to make informed decisions. Development of financial literacy skills and an understanding of economic principles will provide the basis for responsible citizenship and career success. Students will also explore entrepreneurship as they learn the skills needed to plan, organize, manage, and finance a small business. (CTE Code: 6123)

Note: This course is a graduation requirement for students entering the 9th grade in 2011 and beyond.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6123
Virtual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6123V
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Economics and Personal Finance / FIN 107
PVCC

Students learn how to navigate the financial decisions they must face and to make informed decisions. Development of financial literacy skills and an understanding of economic principles will provide the basis for responsible citizenship and career success. Students also will explore entrepreneurship as they learn the skills needed to plan, organize, manage and finance a small business. (CTE Code: 6123)​

Note: This course is a graduation requirement for students entering the 9th grade in 2011 and beyond.

Prerequisite(s): PVCC Placement Testing
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1; 3 dual enrollment college credits with PVCC
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6121DE
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
ESOL Social Studies

​This course is designed to provide a foundation of academic vocabulary for students to be successful in World History, U.S. History, and U.S. Government courses. Students learn new vocabulary through hands-on, visual, experiential lessons and apply this vocabulary in individual and collaborative projects on topics of world history, immigration, and civic engagement. Students give formal presentations and write for real-world audiences in their exploration of history and politics. They connect their understanding of civics and history in their native languages to learning the academic vocabulary of social studies in English. Students master the academic terminology that serves as a foundation for research in the social sciences.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2980
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS
Ethnic Studies

​The study of the history of people of color in America from their perspective. Ethnic Studies focuses on the lives of African- Americans, Latinos/as, Asian-Americans, Native Americans and those Americans of Middle Eastern descent. Our focus in this class will be on the similarities between the communities and their struggles for equality in America.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2992
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS
European History, Advanced Placement
Standards of Learning

​AP European History is designed to challenge the highly motivated student who wants to experience college level work. Students will study European History in global context from c. 1450 (high Renaissance) to the Contemporary Age. The goals of this course are to develop an understanding of some of the principal themes in modern European history and an ability to analyze historical evidence and to review the basic factual narrative.

Students who do well on the AP exam receive college credit or superior placement at participating colleges. 

Note: This course may be taken in place of World History from 1500 to Present. Students electing this course either take the Standards of Learning test for World History from 1500 to Present or earn an AP score of 2 or better to earn a verified credit.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2399
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Offered at: MoHS
History Lab

History Lab represents a hands-on “maker” approach to historical inquiry. Students will explore various topics in United States and World History through experiential processes and content creation, such as GIS, interactive exhibits, the creation of historical artifacts, interpretive displays (digital and “brick and mortar”), and other modes of content presentation.

Prerequisite(s): 1 traditional U.S. history course
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2999
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS
History Through Film

​This course will use film/movies as a medium to investigate the history of the United States and the World. Students are asked to explore the boundaries between history and film. Movies and film are given the same analysis and interpretation as any other sources and used as a medium to learn about history. Specific focus is on “valid” historical films, offering glimpses into the social, political, and cultural moments when they were created. Students will examine ways in which films shape and influence understanding.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2453
Grades: 11, 12
Offered at: AHS
Human Geography, Advanced Placement

​​Grades 9-12 (MoHS); Grades 10-12 (AHS)

AP Human Geography provides a rigorous curriculum that introduces students to the systematic study of patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, use, and alteration of Earth’s surface. Students employ spatial concepts and landscape analysis to examine human social organization and its environmental consequences. They also learn about the methods and tools geographers use. Students will engage in class discussions and writing assignments that demonstrate their understanding of the world and human interaction with the environment.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2212
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS
Issues of the Modern World

​This is an elective course recommended for engaged, motivated, inquisitive students who are interested in the study of current events and recent American and world history. Topics, will be discussed, explored, researched, and analyzed using readings (newspaper articles, academic journals), internet research, films (feature and documentary), broadcast news reports, and class discussions. Topics may include: modern terrorism, the modern global economy (globalization), the environment, America’s “culture wars,” gun control, the modern Middle East, problems and issues in American foreign policy, and more.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2978
Grades: 11, 12
Offered at: AHS
Leadership

​Students improve their own personal leadership abilities by taking on responsibility for planning and implementing student government proposals and activities throughout the year. Students work with homeroom representatives and class officers in fulfilling the tasks of student government. They determine issues of concern to students, conduct meetings to elicit student opinions, write policy proposals, and represent student opinions to faculty and principals. They also plan and put on various student activities such as Spirit Week, The Multicultural Fair, Black History Month, and Community Service.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8288
II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8287
III . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8289
IV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8290
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Microeconomics and Virginia Personal Finance, Advanced Placement

​In this year-long course, students will complete the curriculum for both AP Micro Economics and Virginia Personal Finance. Students will develop an understanding of the principles of economics that apply to the functions of individual decision makers, both consumers and producers, within larger economic systems. Economic studies focus on the nature and functions of product markets, and includes the study of factor markets and of the role of government in promoting greater efficiency and equity in the economy. Personal Finance studies will focus on how individuals navigate financial decisions in an informed manner. Development of financial literacy skills and an understanding of economic principles will provide the basis for responsible citizenship and career success.

Note: This course meets the economic & personal finance graduation requirement for students entering the 9th grade in 2011 and beyond.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2808
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Political Science / U.S. Government 211/212
PVCC

​This college course teaches structure, operation, and the process of national, state, and local governments. It includes in-depth study of the three branches of the government and public policy.

Prerequisite(s): Meet dual enrollment admission requirements
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1; 6 dual enrollment college credits with PVCC
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2458
Grades: 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS
Practical Law

​This course provides the high school student with the practical legal background one needs to function as an adult. It enables the young adult to foresee and avoid legal problems and to obtain professional help when necessary. Topics covered include contracts, property, marriage, wills, civil and criminal procedure, and consumer protection.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2420
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Offered at: WAHS
Principals of Psychology/Developmental Psychology / PSY 200/230
PVCC

​The first half of this course, offered in the fall, surveys the basic concepts of psychology. It covers the scientific study of behavior, including behavioral research methods, analysis, and theoretical interpretations. Included are topics that cover physiological mechanisms, sensation/perception, motivation, learning, personality, psychopathology, therapy, and social psychology. 

The second half of this course, offered in the spring, allows students the opportunity to study the development of the individual from conception to birth. It follows a life-span perspective on the development of the person's physical, cognitive and psycho-social growth.

This year-long course fulfills general education requirements for students interested in earning their Associate of Applied Science Degree in Diagnostic Medical Sonography or Nursing at PVCC.

Prerequisite(s): Meet dual enrollment admission requirements
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1; 6 dual enrollment college credits with PVCC
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2899
Grades: 11, 12
Offered at: MoHS
Psychology

​This course is designed to give the student an introduction to the concepts, theories, and applications of psychology. Topics covered include theories of learning, memory, sensation, perception, personality, abnormal psychology, therapy, and current issues in psychology. In addition to being an introduction to psychology, the course is also designed to equip students with skills to improve their relations with friends of both sexes, parents, and other adults. Through the study of psychology, students gain a better understanding of themselves and others, as well as an acceptance of individual differences. This course stresses reading, developing critical thinking skills, and writing as a demonstration of comprehension.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2900
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, WAHS
Psychology Applications and Research

​This course provides students the opportunity to continue their study of topics introduced in AP Psychology with added emphasis on independent research and the study of current advances in the field. Students will form research groups that select one general topic (e.g., learning, developmental psychology, social psychology) each quarter to study in greater depth. They will then narrow their focus to a specific application and will conduct research using one of the methods psychologists typically employ (e.g., observation, survey, field or lab experiments.) The groups will collect data, analyze the results, and report their findings following the American Psychological Association guidelines.

Prerequisite(s): AP Psychology
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2911
Grades: 11, 12
Offered at: WAHS
Psychology, Advanced Placement

​This course provides an introduction to the psychological topics and principles taught in an introductory psychology class at the college level. Specific topics addressed include: the biological bases of behavior; sensation and perception; states of consciousness; learning, memory, and intelligence; language development; motivation and emotion; human development; personality theory; social psychology; abnormal psychology and methods of therapy; current issues; and applications of the discipline. Emphasis will be placed on reading and writing, evaluating and conducting research, and completing independent projects.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2930
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Sociology

​The study of sociology is designed to examine the ways people interact with one another. Sociology involves learning about relationships within groups such as the social class, relationships within social institutions such as the family, and the organization of societies. Additionally, sociology deals with varied and vital issues and social problems of society. The subject matter of sociology, therefore, is a study of man and his relationship to human groups and institutions.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2500
Grades: 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, WAHS
U.S. Government and Politics, Advanced Placement

Advanced Placement U.S. Government and Politics makes demands on a student equivalent to an introductory college course. The course covers the basic concepts, principles, and institutions of American government, the political process, and the formation and implementation of public policy.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2445
Virtual (MoHS only) . . . . . . . . . . 2449VV
Grades: 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
United States History / History 121/122
PVCC

​This college course surveys United States history from its beginnings to the present.

Prerequisite(s): Meet dual enrollment admission requirements
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1; 6 dual enrollment college credits with PVCC
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2363
Grades:
Offered at: AHS, MoHS
Virginia and U.S. Government

​Subject matter cover the rationale, foundations, and operations of U.S. government. The interrelationships among the national, state, and local levels of government are presented. Economic systems are compared and other forms of government are studied.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2440
Academic/Advanced . . . . . . . . . . . . 2444
Grades: 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Virginia and U.S. History
Standards of Learning

​Students examine the historical development of American ideas and institutions from the age of exploration to the modern era. Basic knowledge of American culture through a chronological survey of major issues, movements, people, and events in United States and Virginia history will be connected by focusing on political and economic history. Students will use social studies skills to explore the events, people and ideas that fostered a national identity and led to America’s prominence in world affairs. Students will be tested at the end of this course on the Virginia and United States History standards of learning.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2360
Academic/Advanced . . . . . . . . . . . 2358
Grades: 11
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Virginia and U.S. History, Advanced Placement
Standards of Learning

​This is an integrated course designed to help students develop a comprehensive view of American literature, history, and culture. This course is highly rigorous and prepares students to take AP exams. Students concentrate on reading and analyzing historical material, weighing historical evidence and interpretation, reading and analyzing works of literature, and synthesizing and evaluating information in analytical writing.

Students who do well on the AP exam receive college credit or superior placement at participating colleges. 

Note: Students may elect to take the Standards of Learning End-of-Course tests for Virginia and United States History and English 11. A score of 2 or better on the AP exam earns a verified credit.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2319
Grades: 11
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
Women's Studies

​Students will study history, literature, film and sociology related to Women's Studies. Students will understand the historical and modern roles and contributions of women. Students will analyze the changing issues related to women and discuss the perspectives of women. Students also will focus on women's leadership and consider solutions that will promote women leaders of a variety of perspectives.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2991
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: WAHS
World Geography

​World Geography provides a rigorous curriculum that introduces students to the study of patterns and processes that have shaped human understanding, use, and alteration of Earth's surface. The course is centered on the world's peoples and their cultural characteristics, landforms, climates, economic development, migration, and settlement patterns. Spatial concepts of geography will be used as a framework for studying interactions between humans and their environments. Students will also learn about the methods and tools geographers use in their science and practice. The skills of analytical reading, writing, and research will be key components of this course and will be practiced daily.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
Academic/Advanced . . . . . . . . . . . 2109
Honors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2213
Grades: 9
Offered at: MoHS
World History I to 1500
Standards of Learning

​This is a broad survey course designed to provide each student with a historical overview and analysis of the major political, social, and economic events of the world. Students trace the major patterns of world history from the prehistoric period through the European Middle Ages. Concepts, historical trends, and cycles are emphasized.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2343
Academic/Advanced . . . . . . . . . . . 2346
Honors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2350
Grades: 9
Offered at: AHS, WAHS
World History II from 1500 to Present
Standards of Learning

​This is a broad survey course designed to provide each student with a historical overview and analysis of the major political, social, and economic events of the world. Students trace the major patterns of world history from about 1500 CE (Middle Ages) through current times.

Prerequisite(s):
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2334
Academic/Advanced . . . . . . . . . . . 2338
Honors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2349
Grades: 10
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
World History, Advanced Placement
Standards of Learning

​Grades 9-12 (MoHS); Grades 10-12 (AHS, WAHS)

This course is an extensive and intensive examination of global societies, social structure, and the themes and processes that have shaped our world since the Middle Ages. The students learn the analytical and writing proficiencies necessary to succeed on the Advanced Placement World History exam. Students are expected to take the AP exam. The exam fee is approximately $89 per test. Students who do well on this test receive college credit or superior placement at participating colleges.

Note: This course may be taken in place of World History from 1500 to Present. Students electing this course either take the Standards of Learning test for World History from 1500 to Present or earn an AP score of 2 or better to earn a verified credit. At MoHS this course is taken in place of World History I.

Prerequisite(s): AHS: World History I
Corequisite(s):
Credit: 1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2339
Grades: 9, 10, 11, 12
Offered at: AHS, MoHS, WAHS
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